- self-dependence, independence, self-will, freedom, one's own system or school, one's own army, self-willed, independent, free, uncontrolled. [p= 1275,3]
Natural Meditation and the Purusharthas
As you are reading this note, people all over the world are using meditation techniques to prepare to perform at their best. Athletes, surgeons, dancers, actors, martial artists, and business executives are meditating so that they will be able to perform with excellence under pressure.
Singers are meditating to tune their voices and bodies so they can sing more passionately and without stress. Mothers-to-be are meditating in preparation for giving birth. Trackers are meditating to be at one with nature. Taoist, Buddhist, Hindu, and Christian monks are doing long meditations as part of their life of devotion. And regular people with jobs and families are meditating for a few minutes in the morning and evening as a way of caring for themselves, releasing stress and fatigue, and remembering the Big Picture of their lives. In addition, people in therapy are meditating as part of their healing process. Members of AA (Alcoholics Anonymous) and other 12-step programs are doing the 11th step, which is prayer and meditation.
There are formal, intentional situations where meditation techniques are practiced, but there are also many informal situations in which people slip into meditation spontaneously. Lovers sitting and holding hands, just being together, can enter a meditative state. People gazing at sunrises and sunsets can drift into a peaceful reverie. Wildlife photographers, sitting still for hours waiting for animals to appear, can meditate spontaneously. People waking up in the middle of the night, worried about their kids, friends, spouses or themselves, can let go, slip into a meditative state, find peace, and eventually fall asleep. In churches, temples, and homes, people slip into meditation while saying their prayers.
Right now, there are people sitting by rivers and oceans, just gazing at the flow and ripples, and entering meditation without really noticing. Somewhere on the planet, someone is sitting and looking at a fire. The flames have burned away her troubles, and she feels with every cell that life is good, the heart is warm, and love can shine forth from her heart again, in spite of everything.
When people thrive in meditation, it’s because they have learned to customize the techniques to fit their lives. When people quit, usually it’s because they haven’t found a way that they love. In Instinctive Meditation and Pranava Meditation, we are encouraging you to approach meditation through your own everyday moments, and experience them with more gusto and awareness. Linger for an extra sixty seconds or even several minutes, as you make the transition from sleeping to waking, home to commuting, work to lunch break, or as you walk in the door from work. In this way, you will learn to meditate in a style that is natural for you.
In my first yoga class, in 1968, one of the central points was that yoga is always adapted “according to climate, religion, body type, and individuality.” yathādesam
*vasthāna-viśeṣam ind. according to differences of place , time , and bodily constitution BhP.
|(H3B) yáthā--desam 1 [p= 842,1] [L=169756.1]||yáthā-desam-śakāla-dehā|
So right now, take as your first vow or intention, to be true to your “religion, body type, and individuality.”
There is nowhere to go with betraying yourself in any way.
have to unlearn some things. Maybe, maybe not. But you do not need to harm yourself in any way.
Discerning words in Sanskrit- vijñāna
also bhedavidhi - the faculty of discriminating or discerning (between two different objects) [p= 766,2] avicakṣaṇa
not discerning , not clever , ignorant Mn. iii , 115 and viii , 150
|(H1) a-vicakṣaṇa [p= 108,1] [L=18705]||mfn.|
Whitney Roots links: dfS
paś q.v. ; pf. P. dadárśa RV. &c [2. sg. dadarśitha and dadraṣṭha Pa1n2. 7-2 , 65] ; A1. dadṛśé AV. [dádṛśe , 3 pl. °dṛśre RV. ; °śrire TBr. ] ; p. P. dadṛśvás RV. ; °sivas Up. ; darśivas q.v. ; A1. dádṛśāna RV. ; fut. P. -drakṣyáti Br. &c ; A1. °ṣyate and fut. 2. draṣṭā MBh. ; aor. P. adarśam , °śas , °śat , 3 pl. °śur Br. ; 1 pl. adarśma TS. ; adṛśma JaimBr. ; Subj. darśam , °śat , °śathas RV. AV. ; A1. 3 pl. ádṛśran VS. AV. Br. ; °śram RV. ; p. dṛśāná or dṛ́śāna [cf. s.v.] RV. ; P. dṛśan , 3 pl. ádṛśan Br. ; Pot. dṛśéyam RV. ; °śema AV. ; P. adrākṣit and adrāk Br. ; A1. 3 pl. ádṛkṣata ; Subj. 2 sg. dṛ́kṣase RV. ; inf. dṛśé and driśáye RV. ; dráṣṭum AV. &c ; ind.p. dṛṣṭvā́ AV. &c [ MBh. also dṛśya] , °ṭvāya RV. ; -dṛ́śya RV. ; -darśam Das3. ) to see , behold , look at , regard , consider RV. AV. S3Br. MBh. &c ;
|(H1) dṛś 1 [p= 491,2] [p= 491,1] [L=95263]||(Pres. forms supplied by √ |
to see i.e. wait on , visit MBh. R. ;
to see with the mind , learn , understand MBh. Ka1v. &c ;
to notice , care for , look into , try , examine Ya1jn5. Pan5c. ;
to see by divine intuition , think or find out , compose , contrive (hymns , rites , &c ) Br. Nir. ii , 11 : Pass. dṛśyáte (ep. also °ti) aor. adárśi RV. &c to be seen , become visible , appear RV. AV. S3Br. MBh. &c ;
to be shown or manifested , appear as (iva) , prove Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c : Caus. P. A1. darśayati , °te AV. &c ;
aor. adīdṛśat Br. ;
adadarśat Pa1n2. 7-4 , 7 , to cause to see or be seen , to show a thing (A1. esp. of something belonging to one's self) or person (P. and A1. with or scil. ātmānam , also one's self) , to (acc. AV. iv , 20 , 6 S3Br. &c ; gen. Mn. iv , 59 MBh. &c ; dat. R. ii , 31 , 33 Ragh. &c ; instr. after A1. refl. Pa1n2. 1-4 , 53 Ka1s3. ) ;
to show = prove , demonstrate Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c ;
to produce (money) i.e. pay Mn. viii , 155 ;
(a witness) , 158 : Desid. A1. didṛkṣate (ep. also °ti) to wish to see , long for (acc.) RV. iii , 30 , 13 S3Br. MBh. &c : Desid. of Caus. didarśayiṣati , to wish to show S3am2k. ;
adidarśayiṣīt Nid. : Intens. darīdṛśyate , to be always visible Bhojapr. ;
darīdarṣṭi or dard° Pa1n2. 7-4 , 90 ; 91. [cf. Gk. δέρκομαι , δέδορκα , ἔδρακον ; Goth. tarhjan.]
(nom. k , Ved. ṅ Pa1n2. 7-1 , 83) seeing , viewing , looking at
|(H2) dṛ́ś 2 [L=95309]||m.|
Ya1jn5. MBh. &c (ifc. cf. āyurveda-d° , diṣṭa-d° , pṛthag-d° , mántra-d° , sama-d° , sarva-d° , sūryad°)
|[p= 491,3] [L=95310]||knowing , discerning |
sight , view (dat. dṛśé as inf. cf. √1 dṛś)
|(H2B) dṛ́ś 2 [L=95311]||f.|
look , appearance (in ī-d° , kī-d° , tā-d°)
|(H2B) dṛ́ś 2 [L=95312]||f.|
the eye R. Var. &c (also n. BhP. iv , 4 , 24)
|(H2B) dṛ́ś 2 [L=95313]||f.|
theory , doctrine Vcar.
|(H2B) dṛ́ś 2 [L=95314]||f.|
(astrol.) the aspect of a planet or the observed spot. [cf. Gk. δρα for δρακ in ὑπόδρα.]
|(H2B) dṛ́ś 2 [L=95315]||f.|
knowing the faults of (comp.) Ka1v.
|(H3) doṣa--jña [p= 498,3] [L=97045]||mfn.|
Ragh. i , 93
|[L=97046]||knowing what is evil or to be avoided , prudent , wise |
a physician L.
|(H3B) doṣa--jña [L=97047]||m.|
a Pandit , teacher , discerning man W.
|(H3B) doṣa--jña [L=97048]||m.|
|(H3) praty--akṣa [p= 663,3] [L=131942]||»|
(ā)n. present before the eyes , visible , perceptible (opp. to paro'kṣa q.v.) Up. MBh. &c
|(H1) praty-akṣa [p= 674,2] [L=133793]||mf|
|[L=133794]||clear , distinct , manifest , direct , immediate , actual , real |
|[L=133795]||keeping in view , discerning (with |
ocular evidence , direct perception , apprehension by the senses (in nyāya one of the 4 pramāṇas or modes of proof. cf. pramāṇa)
|(H1B) praty-akṣa [L=133796]||n.|
superintendence of , care for (gen.) Mn. ix , 27
|(H1B) praty-akṣa [L=133797]||n.|
(in rhet.) a kind of style descriptive of impressions derived from the senses Kuval.
|(H1B) praty-akṣa [L=133798]||n.|
seeing with one's own eyes
|(H3) praty-akṣa--darśana [p= 674,3] [L=133819]||n.|
|[L=133820]||the power of discerning (the presence of a god) |
an eye-witness L.
|(H3B) praty-akṣa--darśana [L=133821]||m.|
well-discerning , judicious , sensible , intelligent MBh.
|(H3) pra-° paśyat [p= 682,2] [L=135156]||mfn.|
well-discerning , judicious , sensible , intelligent MBh.
|(H3) pra-° paśyamāna [L=135157]||mfn.|
the faculty of discriminating or discerning (between two different objects) MW.
|(H3) bhedá--vidhi [p= 766,2] [L=152835]||m.|
(ví-) (for 2. » vi- √cit) absent-minded , confounded , perplexed Hariv. R. BhP.
|(H3) ví--cetas [p= 950,2] [L=193000]||mfn.|
|[L=193000.1]||ignorant , stupid |
(ví-) visible , clearly seen RV.
|(H3) ví-° cetas [p= 959,1] [L=194816]||mfn.|
|[L=194816.1]||discerning , wise |
(ifc. f(ā).) the act of distinguishing or discerning , understanding , comprehending , recognizing , intelligence , knowledge AV. &c
|(H2) vi-jñā́na [p= 961,2] [L=195266]||n.|
|[L=195267]||skill , proficiency , art |
|[L=195268]||science , doctrine |
opp. to jñāna , " knowledge of the true nature of God ") Mn. MBh. &c
|[L=195269]||worldly or profane knowledge (|
MBh. R. &c
|[L=195270]||the faculty of discernment or of right judgement |
= manas) BhP.
|[L=195271]||the organ of knowledge (|
ifc.) the understanding of (a particular meaning) , regarding as Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 2-3 , 17 ; 66 &c
skandhas , also considered as one of the 6 elements or dhātus , and as one of the 12 links of the chain of causation) Dharmas. 22 ; 42 ; 58 (cf. MWB. 102 ; 109)
|[L=195273]||(with Buddhists) consciousness or thought-faculty (one of the 5 constituent elements or |
seeing different things , discerning differences , discerning well Ma1rkP.
|(H3) vi-bhinna---darśin [p= 978,1] [L=198346]||mfn.|
discriminating , discerning (applied to indra) RV. iii , 57 , 1.
|(H2) vi-vikvás [p= 987,3] [L=200137]||mfn.|
" possessed of discrimination " , discerning , wise Bha1m.
|(H3) vi-veka---bhāj [p= 988,1] [L=200158]||mfn.|
" possessing discrimination " , judicious , discerning Katha1s.
|(H3) vi-veka---vat [L=200164]||mfn.|
one who discriminates or distinguishes , a discriminator Ra1jat.
|(H3) vi-° vektṛ [L=200182]||mfn.|
|[L=200183]||judicious , discerning , prudent , wise |
the veda compared to an eye MBh.
|(H3) veda--cakṣus [p= 1015,3] [L=205677]||n.|
|[L=205678]||the eye for seeing (or discerning the sense of) the |
truth seeing , truth-discerning ib.
|(H3) satyá--darśin [p= 1136,1] [L=229893]||mfn.|
N. of a ṛṣi in the 13th manvantara Hariv. (v.l. tattva-d°)
|(H3B) satyá--darśin [L=229894]||m.|
of a man Lalit.
|(H3B) satyá--darśin [L=229895]||m.|
possessed of judgement , discerning Katha1s.
|(H3) sa--viveka [p= 1191,1] [L=239571]||mfn.|
seeing well TA1r. Sch.
|(H3) sādhú--darśin [p= 1201,3] [L=241667]||mfn.|
very clever , well discerning , skilful , wise Ka1m. Subh.
|(H3) su--vicakṣaṇa [p= 1233,2] [L=249016]||mfn.|
easy to be distinguished RV.
|(H3) su--vijñāná [L=249023]||mfn.|
|[L=249024]||well discerning , very clever or wise |