Yama-Rein, bridle, charioteer, driveryama
yáma [p= 846,1]
a rein , curb , bridle
Taking the reins is an act of power.
I AM holding the reins in my hands.
I AM riding this magnificent animal.
When you take the reins, you are often saying to the animal, “Let’s go!” You are entering a relationship of cooperation and going somewhere.
A thought-experiment: If you are riding a horse and are a confident rider, what percentage of the time are you communicating, “Let’s go.” What percentage of the time are you saying, “Whoa!”?
In modern terms - what is the modern equivalent of getting on a horse and taking the reins?
Perhaps sitting in a car and taking the driver’s seat. Putting your hands on the steering wheel.
When driving, know the rules of the road and the physics of cars and accelerating and braking and turning.
Don’t harm yourself, anyone else, or the car. This is also part of yama.
yamas in Ashtanga Yoga:
- 1) ahimsa: "Noninjury." Not harming others by thought, word, or deed.
- 2) satya: "Truthfulness." Refraining from lying and betraying promises.
- 3) asteya: "Nonstealing." Neither stealing, nor coveting nor entering into debt.
- 4) brahmacharya: (Sanskrit) "Divine conduct." Controlling lust by remaining celibate when single, leading to faithfulness in marriage.
- 5) kshama: (Sanskrit) "Patience." Restraining intolerance with people and impatience with circumstances.
- 6) dhriti: "Steadfastness." Overcoming nonperseverance, fear, indecision and changeableness.
- 7) daya: "Compassion." Conquering callous, cruel and insensitive feelings toward all beings.
- 8) arjava: "Honesty, straightforwardness." Renouncing deception and wrongdoing.
- 9) mitahara: "Moderate appetite." Neither eating too much nor consuming meat, fish, fowl or eggs.
- 10) shaucha: "Purity." Avoiding impurity in body, mind and speech. -
not injuring anything , harmlessness (one of the cardinal virtues of most Hindu sects , but particularly of the Buddhists and Jains ; also personified as the wife of dharma Va1mP. ) ChUp. Nir. Mn. &c
|(H2) á-hiṁsā [p= 125,2] [L=21896]||f.|
|[p= 125,2] [L=21897]||security , safeness |
Compassion For Yourself
One of your tasks with attention is to learn how to be good to yourself. Compassion starts at home. If you are not compassionate to yourself, how could you ever be compassionate to someone else? Compassion is com, with + passion. Be with your passion.
If you do not make meditation a healthy place right from the start, it’s likely that it never will be. Healthy means you do not repress yourself, brutalize yourself, edit yourself. You want to accept all impulses so they can join the family, become integrated. Any part that is excluded becomes slightly insane. Good healthy anger that is blocked can then seem like feral rage. But when you accept it and work with it, it becomes the ability to stand up for yourself.
If you do not intentionally cultivate your best attention in your native state, then you will tend to recapitulate the worst attention your kindergarten teacher or parent gave — disapproval, criticism, scrutiny.
When you develop compassion for yourself, then you will discover that even the most critical of your inner voices are trying to love you.
Yama Entry in M-W
vācām , restraint of words , silence) BhP.
opp. to niyama , a minor observance ; in Ya1jn5. iii , 313 ten yamas are mentioned , sometimes only five) Mn. MBh. &c
yoga) self-restraint (as the first of the eight aṅgas or means of attaining mental concentration) IW. 93
(ā́ or ī́)n. twin-born , twin , forming a pair RV. &c
a twin , one of a pair or couple , a fellow (du. " the twins " N. of the aśvins and of their twin children by mādrī , called nakula and saha-deva ; yamau mithunau , twins of different sex) ib.
a symbolical N. for the number " two " Hcat.
yáma [p= 846,2] [p= 846,1] [L=170391]
N. of the god who presides over the pitṛs (q.v.) and rules the spirits of the dead RV. &c IW. 18 ; 197 , 198 &c RTL. 10 ; 16 ; 289 &c (he is regarded as the first of men and born from vivasvat , " the Sun " , and his wife saraṇyū ; while his brother , the seventh manu , another form of the first man , is the son of vivasvat and saṃjñā , the image of saraṇyū ; his twin-sister is yamī , with whom he resists sexual alliance , but by whom he is mourned after his death , so that the gods , to make her forget her sorrow , create night ; in the veda he is called a king or saṃgamano janānām , " the gatherer of men " , and rules over the departed fathers in heaven , the road to which is guarded by two broad-nosed , four-eyed , spotted dogs , the children of śaramā q.v. ; in Post-vedic mythology he is the appointed Judge and " Restrainer " or " Punisher " of the dead , in which capacity he is also called dharmarāja or dharma and corresponds to the Greek Pluto and to Minos ; his abode is in some region of the lower world called yama-pura ; thither a soul when it leaves the body , is said to repair , and there , after the recorder , citra-gupta , has read an account of its actions kept in a book called agra-saṃdhānā , it receives a just sentence ; in MBh. yama is described as dressed in blood-red garments , with a glittering form , a crown on his head , glowing eyes and like varuṇa , holding a noose , with which he binds the spirit after drawing it from the body , in size about the measure of a man's thumb ; he is otherwise represented as grim in aspect , green in colour , clothed in red , riding on a buffalo , and holding a club in one hind and noose in the other ; in the later mythology he is always represented as a terrible deity inflicting tortures , called yātanā , on departed spirits ; he is also one of the 8 guardians of the world as regent of the South quarter ; he is the regent of the nakṣatra apa-bharaṇī or bharaṇī , the supposed author of RV. x , 10 ; 14 , of a hymn to viṣṇu and of a law-book ; yamasyā*rkaḥ N. of a sāman A1rshBr. )
N. of the planet Saturn (regarded as the son of vivasvat and chāyā) Hariv. BhP.
of one of skanda's attendants (mentioned together with ati-yama) MBh.
a crow L. (cf. -dūtaka)
a bad horse (whose limbs are either too small or too large) L.
a pair , brace , couple L.
(in gram.) a twin-letter (the consonant interposed and generally understood , but not written in practice , between a nasal immediately preceded by one of the four other consonants in each class) Pra1t. Pat. on Pa1n2. 1-1 , 8
pitch of the voice , tone of utterance , key Pra1t.
a driver , charioteer
the act of checking or curbing , suppression , restraint (with
self-control forbearance , any great moral rule or duty (as
any rule or observance