Purushartha - Four Aims of Existence: Kama (desire), Artha (wealth), Dharma (duty), and Moksha (liberation)

puruā* rtha [p= 637,3] [L=126586]
any object of human pursuit

kāma , the gratification of desire ; artha , acquirement of wealth ; dharma , discharge of duty ; moka , final emancipation) Mn. Prab. Kap. (-tva n.) Sa1m2khyak. &c

MBh. R. &c
(H3) m.
[L=126587]any one of the four objects or aims of existence (viz.
[L=126588]human effort or exertion

kāma [p= 252,2] [L=43900]
» s.v.
kā́ma [p= 271,3] [L=47938]
(fr. √2. kam ; once kāmá VS. xx , 60), wish , desire , longing (kāmo me bhuñjīta bhavān , my wish is that you should eat Pa1n2. 3-3 , 153), desire for , longing after (gen. dat. , or loc.) , love , affection , object of desire or of love or of pleasure RV. VS. TS. AV. S3Br. MBh. R. &c

AV. ix , xii , xix (cf. RV. x , 129 , 4) VS. Pa1rGr2.

of the god of love AV. iii. 25 , 1 MBh. Lalit.

dharma and husband of rati [ MBh. i , 2596 ff. Hariv. VP. ] ; or as a son of brahmā VP. ; or sometimes of sakalpa BhP. vi , 6 , 10 ; cf. kāma-deva)

of agni SV. ii , 8 , 2 , 19 , 3 AV. TS. Ka1tyS3r. S3a1n3khS3r.

viṣṇu Gal.

baladeva (cf. kāma-pāla) L.

Na1r. xvi , 9

= mahā-rāja-cūta) L.

of a metre consisting of four lines of two long syllables each



of several men
kā́ma [L=47957]
object of desire L.
kā́ma [L=47958]
semen virile L.
kā́ma [L=47959]
N. of a tīrtha MBh. iii , 5047
kāmá [L=47964]
wishing , desiring RV. ix , 113 , 11
kā́ma [L=47965]
(ifc.) desirous of , desiring , having a desire or intention (cf. go-k° , dharma-k° ; frequently with inf. in tu cf. tyaktu-k°.)
kāma [p= 1324,2] [L=327520]
(H2) &c
(H1) m.
[L=47939]pleasure , enjoyment
[L=47940]love , especially sexual love or sensuality
[L=47941]Love or Desire personified
[L=47945](represented as son of
[L=47949]a stake in gambling
[L=47950]a species of mango tree (
[L=47952]a kind of bean
[L=47953]a particular form of temple
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) n.
(H1B) mfn.
(H1B) n.
(H2) (in

ártha [p= 90,3] [p= 90,2] [L=15840]
([in RV. i-ix only n. ; in RV. x six times n. and thrice m. ; in later Sanskrit only m.]) aim , purpose (very often artham , arthena , arthāya , and arthe ifc. or with gen. " for the sake of , on account of , in behalf of , for ")

Mn. ii , 213 , &c

kāma and dharma » tri-varga ; used in wishing well to another dat. or gen. Pa1n2. 2-3 , 73)

S3Br. xiv)



astron.) N. of the second mansion , the mansion of wealth (cf , dhana) VarBr2S.

dharma arid buddhi BhP.

acc. ártham with √ i , or gam , to go to one's business , take up one's work RV. &c )

instr.) , wanting , needing anything (instr.) , SBr , &c

cf. artha-śabdauandarthāt s.v. below and vedatattvā*rtha-vid)

L. , prohibition , prevention L.

argha q.v.) L.
artha [p= 1316,2] [L=313940]
(H1) mn.
[L=15841]cause , motive , reason
[L=15842]advantage , use , utility (generally named with
[L=15843]thing , object (said of the membrum virile
[L=15844]object of the senses
[L=15845](hence) the number " five " ,
[L=15846]substance , wealth , property , opulence , money
[L=15847](hence in
[L=15848]personified as the son of
[L=15849]affair , concern (Ved. often
[L=15850](in law) lawsuit , action
[L=15851]having to do with (
[L=15852]sense , meaning , notion (
[L=15853]manner , kind
[L=15854]price (for
(H2) (in

dhárma 1 [p= 510,3] [L=99903]
(rarely n. g. ardharcā*di ; the older form of the RV. is dhárman q.v.) that which is established or firm , steadfast decree , statute , ordinance , law

dhármea ind. or °māt ind. according to right or rule , rightly , justly , according to the nature of anything ; cf. below ; °mesthita mfn. holding to the law , doing one's duty) AV. &c

indra S3Br. &c ; as yama MBh. ; as born from the right breast of yama and father of śama , kāma and hara ib. ; as viṣṇu Hariv. ; as prajā-pati and son-in-law of daka Hariv. Mn. &c ; as one of the attendants of the Sun L. ; as a Bull Mn. viii , 16 ; as a Dove Katha1s. vii , 89 , &c )

sagha or monastic order MWB. 70)

dharma called sūsra , as distinguished from the abhi-dharma or , " further dharma " and from the vinaya or " discipline " , these three constituting the canon of Southern Buddhism MWB. 61)

prajñā-pāramitā , gaṇḍa-vyūha , daśa-bhūmīśvara , samādhirāja , lakāvatāra , saddharma-puṇḍarīka , tathā-gata-guhyaka , lalita-vistara , suvara-prabhāsa ,ib. 69)

= sva-bhāva L. ; cf. daśa-dh°arma-gata S3Br. &c ; upamāno*pameyayor dh° , the tertium comparationis Pa1n2. 2-1 , 55 Sch.)

partic. ceremony MBh. xiv , 2623



upaniad L.



upamā L. (cf. above )


soma-drinker L.

of the 15th arhat of the present ava-sarpiī L.

anu and father of ghta Hariv.

gāndhāra and father of dhta Pur.

haihaya and father of netra BhP.

pthu-śravas and of uśanas ib.

su-vrata VP. (cf. dharma-sūtra)

dīrgha-tapas , Va1yuP.

kaśmīra , Ra1j. iv , 678

ib. vii , 85

&c (also -paṇḍita , -bhaṭṭa and -śāstrin) Cat. [cf. Lat. firmus , Lith. derme4.]
dharma 2 [p= 512,3] [L=100471]
P. °mati , to become , law Vop.
dhárma 3 [L=100472]
comp. for °man q.v. 2.
dharma [p= 513,1] [L=100518]
[p= 510,3].
dharma [p= 1329,2] [L=334320]
Sukh. i
(H2) m.
[L=99904]usage , practice , customary observance or prescribed conduct , duty
[L=99905]right , justice (often as a synonym of punishment)
[L=99906]virtue , morality , religion , religious merit , good works (
[L=99907]Law or Justice personified (as
[L=99908]the law or doctrine of Buddhism (as distinguished from the
[L=99909]the ethical precepts of Buddhism (or the principal
[L=99910]the law of Northern Buddhism (in 9 canonical scriptures , viz.
[L=99911]nature , character , peculiar condition or essential quality , property , mark , peculiarity (
[L=99914]the ninth mansion
[L=99916]associating with the virtuous
[L=99917]religious abstraction , devotion
[L=99919]a bow
[L=99922]of a son of
[L=99923]of a son of
[L=99924]of a son of
[L=99925]of a son of
[L=99926]of a son of
[L=99927]of a son of
[L=99928]of a king of
[L=99929]of another man
[L=99930]of a lexicographer
(H2) Nom.
(H2) in
(H1) »
(H2) (also) a thing,

moka [p= 835,1] [L=168320]
(ifc. f(ā).) emancipation , liberation , release from (abl. , rarely gen. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c

Up. Mn. MBh. &c ( IW. 39)


of partic. sacred hymns conducive to final emancipation Ya1jn5.

astron.) the liberation of an eclipsed or occulted planet , the last contact or separation of the eclipsed and eclipsing bodies , end of an eclipse Su1ryas. VarBr2S.

Kum. VarBr2S. (cf. garbha-)





cf. ria-)

&c ) Ma1rkP. Sus3r.

MBh. Ka1v. Pur.

Kum. Katha1s.



of the Divine mountain meru L.

Swietenioides L.
moka [p= 1331,3] [L=338380]
(H2) m.
[L=168321]release from worldly existence or transmigration , final or eternal emancipation
[L=168325]falling off or down
[L=168327]setting free , deliverance (of a prisoner)
[L=168328]loosing , untying (hair)
[L=168329]settling (a question)
[L=168330]acquittance of an obligation , discharge of a debt (
[L=168331]shedding or causing to flow (tears , blood
[L=168332]casting , shooting , hurling
[L=168333]strewing , scattering
[L=168334]utterance (of a curse)
[L=168335]relinquishment , abandonment
(H2) (in

ártha--kāma [p= 90,3] [L=15859]
[ R. ii , 86 , 6 v.l.] m. du. [ R. ii , 86 , 6 Mn. , iv , 176] m. pl. [ Mn. ii , 13] utility and desire , wealth and pleasure
ártha--kāma [L=15859.1]
desirous of wealth , N. MBh. xii , 220, desiring to be useful.
(H3) n
(H3B) mfn.

ártha--cintā [L=15890]
attention or consideration of affairs Sa1h.
(H3) f.