Ana - Breath, respiration
Prana - Filled, full, the breath of life
Pranayama - Breath exercises
āyāma - stretching , extending, restraining, restrained, stopping, expansion, length (either in space or time), breadth (in mensuration)

Ana - Breath, respiration, Prana - filled, full, the breath of life

“Atman, the term for the self or soul in the classical Upanishads and later works, is etymologically linked to the Sanskrit verb *an, “breathe,” and it is via breath channels leading up from the heart - channels that merge with the rays of the sun - that the self leaves the body at death to merge with the Absolute (brahman)” - David Gordon White, YOGA IN PRACTICE and a PDF here.

aná [p= 24,1] [L=4783]
breath , respiration S3Br. ChUp.
(H2) m.

āná [p= 139,3] [L=24313]
(fr. √ an) , face ([ NBD. ])

Sa1y. ]) RV. i , 52 , 15



(H1) m.
[L=24315]nose ([
[L=24316]exhaling the breath through the nose
[L=24317]inhalation , breath inspired , breathing , blowing
prāa 1 [p= 701,3] [L=138763]
(for 2. » [p= 705,1].) filled , full L.
prā* á 2 [p= 705,1] [L=139500]
(ifc. f(ā). ; for 1. » under √ prā , p.701) the breath of life , breath , respiration spirit vitality

life RV. &c (prā*ān with √ muc or √ or pari-tyaj , " to resign or quit life " ; with √ rak , " to save life " ; with ni-han , " to destroy life " ; tvam me prā*a , " thou art to me as dear as life " ; often ifc. ; cf. pati- , *na-pr°)

prā*a , apā*na and vyāna AitBr. TUp. Sus3r. ; usually 5 , viz. the preceding with sam-āna and , ud-āna S3Br. MBh. Sus3r. &c cf. MWB. 242 ; or with the other vital organs 6 S3Br. ; or 7 AV. Br. Mun2d2Up. ; or 9 AV. TS. Br. ; or 10 S3Br. ; pl. the 5 organs of vitality or sensation , viz. prā*a , vāc , cakus , śrotra , manas , collectively ChUp. ii , 7 , i ; or = nose , mouth , eyes and ears GopBr. S3rS. Mn. iv , 143)
705,2] [L=139503]
AV. S3Br.

MBh. R. &c (sarvaprā*ena or -prā*ai , " with all one's strength " or " all one's heart " ; cf. yathā-prā*am)

÷6 vināikā) Var. A1ryabh. VP.

of a kalpa (the 6th day in the light half of brahmā's month) Pur.

khya) the spirit (= purua) Tattvas.

vedānta) the spirit identified with the totality of dreaming spirits Veda7ntas. RTL. 35 (cf. prāā*tman)



N. of the letter y Up.

sāman Ta1n2d2Br. (vasiṣṭhasya prā*ā**nau A1rshBr. )

brahmā L.

viṣṇu RTL. 106

vasu BhP.

vasu dhara Hariv.

marut Ya1jn5. Sch.

dhāt Pur.

vidhāt BhP.

ṛṣi in the 2nd manv-antara Hariv.
prā* a [p= 1330,3] [L=337000]
(H2) mfn.
(H2) m.
[L=139502]a vital organ vital air (3 in number , viz.
[p= air inhaled , wind
[L=139504]breath (as a sign of strength), vigour , energy , power
[L=139505]a breath (as a measure of time , or the time requisite for the pronunciation of 10 long syllables = 1
[L=139509]poetical inspiration
[L=139512]of a
[L=139515]of a
[L=139516]of a son of the
[L=139517]of a
[L=139518]of a son of
[L=139519]of a son of
[L=139520]of a
(H2) (in

prā* ā* yāma [L=139709]
(also pl.) N. of the three " breath-exercises " performed during sadhyā (» pūraka , recaka , kumbhaka IW. 93 RTL. 402 MWB. 239) Kaus3. Ya1jn5. Pur.
(H3) m.


The 5 Breaths (including prana, above)

apā*  [p= 54,2] [L=10019]
(opposed to prā*á) , that of the five vital airs which goes downwards and out at the anus

MBh. (in this sense also (am) n. L. )

of a sāman PBr. ??

(H2) m.
[L=10020]the anus
[L=10022]ventris crepitus

ud-āna [p=184,2] [L=32328]
 breathing upwards

Veda1ntas. 97 AV. xi , 8 , 4 VS. ChUp. S3Br. MBh. Sus3r. &c




 Buddh. )
ud-āna [p=185,2] [L=32479]
 2. ud- √an.
(H2) m.
[L=32329]one of the five vital airs of the human body (that which is in the throat and rises upwards) 
[L=32330]the navel 
[L=32331]an eyelash 
[L=32332]a kind of snake 
[L=32333]joy , heart's joy (
(H1) »
(H2) udāná [p=1321,3] [L=322950]

vy-āna [p= 1031,2] [L=208701]
one of the five vital airs (that which circulates or is diffused through the body ; personified as a son of udāna and father of apā*na ; cf. prā*a) AV. &c
vy-āna [p= 1037,2] [L=209744]
» vy-an , p.1031.
(H2) m.
(H1) &c

sam-āná [p= 1154,2] [L=233468]
(for samāna and sa-māna » p.1160) one of the five vital airs (that which circulates about the navel and is essential to digestion ; it is personified as a son of sādhya) AV. &c &c
samāná [p= 1160,1] [L=234226]
(ī́ , or ā)n. (connected with 1. and 2. sama ; in RV. v , 87 , 4 abl. sg. samānásmās for samānā́t » 1. sama ; for sam-ana » sam-an , for sa-māna » col.3) same , identical uniform , one (= eka L. ) RV. &c

&c ) , equal or like to (with instr. gen. , or comp.) VS. &c



RV. Br. S3rS. BhP.

opp. to " a fraction ") Pa1n2. 5-2 , 47 Va1rtt. 4

= sat , after an adj.) Divya1v.


vara-bhid L.
samāná [L=234236]
an equal , friend TBr. Ca1n2. BhP.
samāná [L=234238]
n. N. of wk. (cf. śākhā-s°).
sa-māna 1 [p= 1160,3] [L=234371]
(for samāna » col.1 ; for sam-āna » [p= 1154,2]) possessing honour or esteem , honoured by (gen.) Vet.

sa-māna 2 [L=234375]
(for 1. » above ) having the same measure L.
(H2) m.
(H1) mf
[L=234227]alike , similar , equal (in size , age , rank , sense or meaning
[L=234228]having the same place or organ of utterance , homogeneous (as a sound or letter)
[L=234229]holding the middle between two extremes , middling moderate
[L=234230]common , general , universal , all
[L=234231]whole (as a number ,
[L=234232]being (
[L=234233]virtuous , good
(H1B) m.
(H1B) (prob.)
(H1) mfn.
[L=234372]with anger
(H1) mfn.

And also:

upa-prāa [p= 202,3] [L=35172]
a secondary vital air belonging to the body W.
(H1) m.

ójas [L=40625]
( √vaj , or uj ; cf. ugra) , bodily strength , vigour , energy , ability , power RV. AV. TS. AitBr. MBh. &c

Sus3r. &c

rhet.) elaborate style (abounding with compounds)

Sa1h. Va1m.


(H1) n.
[L=40626]vitality (the principle of vital warmth and action throughout the body)
[L=40628]vigorous or emphatic expression
[L=40630]light , splendour , lustre

jīvá [p= 422,2] [L=79623]
(ā́)n. living , existing , alive RV. &c

Car. viii , 6 , 74

ifc. living by (» jala-cara- , rūpa-)

» putra- , -jala)
jīvá [L=79627]
n. any living being , anything living RV. &c
jīvá [L=79628]
life , existence MBh. iv , vi Hariv. &c (ifc. f(ā). Katha1s. )
jīvá [L=79629]
the principle of life , vital breath , the living or personal soul (as distinguished from the universal soul » jīvā*tman) RV. i , 164 , 30 ChUp. S3vetUp. Pras3nUp. Mn. &c
jīvá [L=79630]
N. of a plant L.
jīvá [L=79631]
bhaspati (regent of Jupiter) VarBr2S. Laghuj. Su1ryas. Ka1s3i1Kh.
(H2) mf
[L=79624]healthy (blood)
[L=79626]causing to live , vivifying (
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.
(H2B) m.

Interesting to note:

prā* ā* yana [L=139708]
(for 2. » below) an organ of sense BhP.
prā* āyana 2 [L=139750]
(for 1. » under prā*a) the offspring of the vital airs VS. (cf. g. naā*di).
(H3) n.
(H2) m.

prā* ā* tman [p= 706,1] [p= 705,3] [L=139687]
the spirit which connects the totality of subtle bodies like a thread = sūsrā*tman (sometimes called hiraya-garbha) , vital or animal soul (the lowest of the 3 souls of a human being ; the other 2 being *tman and paramā*tman) Tarkas. (cf. IW. 114) .
(H3) m.
prā* e* śvara [L=139721]
" lord of life " , a husband , lover MBh. Ka1v. Hit.

partic. drug Cat.

the vital spirits personified Hariv.
(H3) m.

See also:

ātmán [p= 135,1] [L=23455]
(variously derived fr. an , to breathe ; at , to move ; , to blow ; cf. tmán) the breath RV.

RV. AV. &c

e.g. ātmán (Ved. loc.) dhatte , or karoti , " he places in himself " , makes his own TS. v S3Br. ; ātmanā akarot , " he did it himself " Ka1d. ; ātmanā vi-yuj , " to lose one's life " Mn. vii , 46 ; ātman in the sg. is used as reflexive pronoun for all three persons and all three genders e.g. ātmāna sā hanti , " she strikes herself " ; putram ātmana spṛṣṭvā nipetatu , " they two having touched their son fell down " R. ii , 64 , 28 ; see also below s.v. ātmanā ]

ifc. e.g. karmā*tman , &c ) RV. x , 97 , 11 , &c

VS. S3Br.

Ragh. i , 14 Ra1matUp.

ifc.) " the understanding , intellect , mind " » naṣṭā*tman , mandā

brahma (cf. paramā*tman) AV. x , 8 , 44 VS. xxxii , 11 S3Br. xiv , &c


= dhti) firmness L.



L. ; [Old Germ. a1tum ; Angl.Sax. oedhm ; Mod. Germ. Athem , Odem ; Gk. ϋτμήν , (?).]
(H1) m.
[L=23456]the soul , principle of life and sensation
[L=23457]the individual soul , self , abstract individual [
[L=23463]essence , nature , character , peculiarity (often
[L=23464]the person or whole body considered as one and opposed to the separate members of the body
[L=23465]the body
[L=23467]the highest personal principle of life ,
[L=23470]the sun
[L=23472]a son

ātma--gati [p= 135,2] [L=23485]
one's own way R. i , 76 , 24

(H3) f.
[L=23486]" course of the soul's existence " , life of the spirit

ātma--jñāna [L=23508]
self-knowledge MBh. v , 990 and 1167

Mn. xii , 85 and 92 MBh. Veda1ntas.
(H3) n.
[L=23509]knowledge of the soul or supreme spirit
ātma--jyotis [L=23510]
the light of the soul or supreme spirit MBh. xii , 6509
ātmá-jyotis [L=23511]
receiving light from one's self S3Br. xiv MBh. xii , 783.
(H3) n.
(H3B) mfn.
ātma--tattva [L=23512]
the true nature of the soul or of the supreme spirit S3vetUp.
(H3) n.
ātma--darśana [L=23526]
seeing the soul of or in (in comp.) Ya1jn5. iii , 157 (cf. Mn. xii , 91.)
(H3) n.

prā* ā* gnihotra [p= 705,3] [L=139682]
N. of wk. (also -vidhi m. and °tro*paniad f.)
prā* --° ā* gnihotra [p= 1330,3] [L=337000.4]
a sacrifice to the vital airs, Baudh.
(H3) n.
(H3) n.